Wednesday, October 7, 2015

The Indus Valley Civilization: Was it a Bilingual Culture?

The Indus Seals

Nearly a hundred years after the Indus Valley civilization was first discovered in the 1920s, the language of the Indus seals remains shrouded in a veil of mystery. 

The Indus seals date from the earliest period of the Harappan civilization from c.3500 BCE. Most of them are an inch square – roughly as big as a postage stamp – and generally made of steatite (soapstone). Typically, a brief script was incised along the top of the seal. The rest of the seal was occupied by an image in relief, which generally depicted one or more animals or a yogi seated in a meditating posture.

Till date, nearly 4000 inscribed texts have been found, containing around 420 unique signs, of which 31 signs are used frequently. Since the unique symbols are in excess of 400, the Indus script is believed to be logo-syllabic i.e. some of the signs express an idea or a word, while the others represent a sound. The inscribed texts are very brief with an average of five signs. 

Monday, June 22, 2015

Chinese Pagodas: Were they influenced by Hindu Temple architecture?

Note: This article has been published on eSamskriti.


Pagodas are a dominant and attractive feature of the cultural landscape of China. These towering, multi-tiered structures generally have an odd number of tiers (between 3 and 15) signifying the many levels of heaven inhabited by the Buddhas.

Monday, March 9, 2015

Black Holes and the Journey of the Soul

Note: This article has been published on the Graham Hancock website , Bibliotecapleyades, and Waking Times.

The annals of world mythology contain a number of references to the Milky Way galaxy. A few accounts try to explain how the Milky Way came to appear as a faint band of milky-white glow arching across the night sky, while some others are more mysterious. They talk of the presence of a “Spirit Trail” or a “Road of Souls” in our galaxy, along which the souls of dead people travel to a mystical underworld.  Many ancient cultures subscribed to such beliefs, but the true meanings and origins of these cosmic tales remain a mystery.